Total Knee Replacement in New York City
What is a total knee replacement?
Your knee joint is formed by three bones: the tibia, the patella, and the femur. The tibia, commonly known as the shinbone, is a large bone that extends from your ankle to your knee. The femur, also known as the thighbone, is the longest and strongest bone in your body and stretches from the lower end of your pelvis to your kneecap. The knee joint, also referred to as the tibiofemoral joint, forms where the tibia and femur meet. The patella, also known as your kneecap, sits atop the femur and protects the knee joint. Damage to the cartilage or bone of the femur, tibia, or patella may result in knee pain and impaired mobility.
If you are experiencing severe or persistent knee pain or loss of mobility and have tried various treatment options that offer little relief, a total knee replacement, also known as a total knee arthroplasty, may be an appropriate treatment option for you. A total knee replacement involves restoring and replacing the damaged surfaces of the femur and tibia, and, in some cases, the patella. A total knee replacement differs from a partial knee replacement because it involves replacing the entire surface of the femur and tibia, while a partial knee replacement involves replacing only the damaged surfaces in one or two compartments of the knee. At David Mayman MD, we perform total knee replacements utilizing cutting-edge technology, such as robotic and computer-assisted surgery, to help provide optimal outcomes and help you get back in the game.
When is a total knee replacement needed?
A total knee replacement is performed to help alleviate severe knee pain and restore joint mobility. While most patients will require a total knee replacement, certain cases may only require a partial knee replacement. Your doctor may recommend a total knee replacement if:
- You are experiencing debilitating knee pain or stiffness that interferes with daily activities
- You are experiencing inflammation, pain, or stiffness of the knee that does not go away with medication
- You are experiencing persistent knee pain, even when resting
- You have a knee deformity, such as a bowed knee
What does a total knee replacement involve?
The procedure for a total knee replacement involves your doctor implanting prosthetic components to replace the damaged surfaces of your femur and tibia. The procedure begins with your doctor gently making an incision at the site of surgery. Your doctor will then “prepare the bone” by removing any damaged cartilage and bone from femur and tibia. Once the damaged surfaces are removed, your doctor will place prosthetic implants where the initial cartilage and bone once were. In most cases, your doctor will also remove damaged cartilage and implant a prosthetic component behind the patella. To ensure optimal mobility of the prosthetic pieces, your doctor will position and place a spacer between the prosthetic materials. When the procedure is complete, your doctor will carefully place all surrounding structures of the knee back in place and gently close the incision. Recovery time after a total knee replacement surgery will vary from patient to patient, however, patients are able to walk out of the hospital 1 – 2 days after surgery and are walking without a cane four to six weeks after surgery. Patients are back to almost all activities by three months but continue to improve for at least one year.
What are the benefits of a total knee replacement?
A total knee replacement is beneficial because it can alleviate pain and restore the functionality of the affected knee, helping you to get back in the game and return to your normal daily activities.
If you are experiencing knee pain that is interfering with your daily activities and are interested in a total knee replacement, a consultation with an experienced orthopaedic specialist may be the first step towards helping you regain mobility, return to your normal daily activities, and get back in the game. Here, at our practice, Dr. David Mayman provides personalized treatment solutions paired with cutting-edge technology to deliver total patient care and optimal results. Call 212.774.2024 or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment.